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Non-Mandated Testing

Non-mandated testing refers to drug and/or alcohol testing that is not required to be conducted by one of five federal DOT agencies (Federal Transit Administration, Federal Railroad Administration, Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Research and Special Programs Administration) and the United States Coast Guard.

Non-mandated testing is increasingly used by companies to help create a drug-free workplace and minimize the negative effects that drug use and alcohol abuse have on the work environment. It is important, however, that such programs be properly implemented to minimize legal challenges.

For example, you will want to carefully consider who will be tested and under what conditions. You will need to determine what types of drugs you will test for, and what testing methods will be used. And you’ll need to establish testing procedures and a written drug/alcohol testing policy, among other things. It is extremely important that your program be applied fairly, consistently and uniformly.

Some Types of Testing

The following types of tests are the most common forms used in non-mandated testing. This does not mean, however, that all employees will be subject to all of these types of testing.

• Pre-Employment Tests. These types of tests are the most commonly used tests in a non-mandated environment, with a negative test result being the last condition in an offer of employment.

• Reasonable Suspicion and For-Cause Tests. These types of tests are given to employees who show obvious signs of being unfit for duty (For Cause) or have documented patterns of behavior that suggests drug use or alcohol abuse (Reasonable Suspicion).

• Random Tests. These types of tests are administered to a selected group of employees at random and unpredictable times. They are most commonly used in safety- and security-sensitive positions.

• Post-Accident Tests. These types of tests are administered to employees involved in an accident or unsafe practice incident to help determine whether drugs or alcohol use threatens the safety of the workplace.

• `Return-to-Duty and Follow-Up Tests. Administered to persons who have returned to work after participation in a drug or alcohol rehabilitation program.

TruSST Team can assist you with all your testing needs, including your initial assessment, policy development, drug and alcohol testing, employee education, supervisor training, and program implementation.
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